Different causes for type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Genes alone are not enough. One evidence of this is identical twins, Identical twins have identical genes. Yet when 1 twin has type 1 diabetes, the other gets the disease at most only half the time. When 1 twin has type 2 diabetes, the other’s risk is at most 3 in 4. In utmost cases of type 1 diabetes, people need to inherit risk factors from both parents. 1 trigger might be related to cold weather. Type 1 diabetes develops more often in winter than summer and is more common in places with cold weathers. Early diet may also play a role. Type 2 diabetes has a stronger link to family history than type 1, although it too depends on environmental factors. Type 2 diabetes runs in families. In part, this propensity is due to children learning bad habits -eating a poor diet, not exercising-from their parents. But there is also a genetic basis.
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