Pathophysiology of Diabetes Type I and Type II
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder which occurs due to imbalance between the demand and supply of the hormone insulin. Pathophysiology of diabetes type I remarks the circumstances where an autoimmune disorder is generated which attacks and destroys the beta cells of the pancreas responsible for producing insulin which ultimately leads to complete insulin deficiency. Whereas in type II diabetes there is comparatively lesser deficiency of insulin than type I diabetes as the body is incapable of harvesting appropriate amount of insulin to overcome the demand. Gestational diabetes is one other type of diabetes caused when excessive counter-insulin hormones are produced by the body during pregnancy. This paves the way to a state of insulin resistance and high blood sugar in the mother further aggravated by faulty insulin receptors.