Classification of Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
The right classification for DM type allows a precautious adequate treatment, with higher rate of success the obtainment of a safe glycaemic control, which reduces micro vascular complications in patients with type 1 or type 2 DM.
Type 1 diabetes (due to ?-cell damage,
usually leading to absolute insulin deficiency)
Type 2 diabetes (due to a progressive insulin secretory deficiency on the background of insulin resistance). Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (diabetes diagnosed in the second or third trimester of pregnancy that is not clearly evident diabetes). In some cases, there might be a superposition of conditions, particularly with respect to the DM that starts in the young adult or is initially presented with diabetic ketoacidosis intermediately to type 1 and 2 DM. Thus, additions to the classic classification system have been proposed as evaluating the presence of autoimmunity (antibody) and beta cell function (C-peptide) to precisely define the subtypes.
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