Diabetes is a disorder of blood sugar levels. It occurs because the insulin in the body does not work effectively. As a result, the body also struggles to regulate blood sugar levels. There are two main types. People can treat type 1diabetes with insulin injections and also need careful diet and activity planning to avoid complications of treatment. Whereas in type 2 diabetes a person can control with lifestyle also measures, oral medication, and also insulin if other treatments are not successful.
Then, Medications for type 1 diabetes is Insulin helps to regulate blood glucose. And treatment for type 1 diabetes always involves insulin. This replaces absent insulin and keeps blood sugar levels under control. People can self-inject insulin under the skin, or if hospitalized, a doctor might be able to inject insulin directly into the blood. It is also available as a powder so, that people can breathe in. Insulin injections can vary by how quickly they act, their peak action, and how long they last. The aim is to mimic how the body would produce the insulin throughout the day and to promote efficient energy intake.
There are different types of insulin i.e. 1.Rapid-acting injections take effect within 5 to 15 minutes but last for a shorter time of 3 to 5 hours. In Rapid Acting injections includes different types are: insulin lispro (Humalog), insulin aspart (NovoLog), insulin glulisine (Apidra) 2. Short-acting injections take effect from between 30 minutes and 1 hour, and also last for 6 to 8 hours. In these short acting injection include regular insulin (Humulin R and Novolin R) 3. Intermediate-acting injections take effect after about 1 to 4 hours, and then last for 10 to 26 hours. Intermediate acting injection include insulin isophane, also called NPH insulin (Humulin N and Novolin N) 4. Long-acting injections take effect after 1 or 2 hours and also last for between 14 and 24 hours. There are Premixed injections are combinations of the above mentioned types of insulin. All take effects from between 5 minutes and 1 hour, and last for between 10 and 24 hours.
Meglitinides, Biguanides, Sulphonylureas, Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors, Incretin Agonists and a variety of products that combine some of the drugs mentioned above are available to treat diabetes.
The medication of the diabetic patients varies from the patient to patient based on different factors like the health condition and type of diabetes they are suffering from. For instance, in diabetic complications, the medication will be prescribed based on the complications of patients like cardiovascular issues, hypertension, obesity etc. Based on types such as gestational diabetes, neonatal diabetes, and pediatric diabetes. It also varies based on the age factor of the patients.
• Insulin and Non-insulin Medication
• Diabetes Oral Medications
• Diabetic Complications and related medications
• Bio availability and bio equivalence of drugs in diabetic patients